Im Laufe der Zeit kam es zu unterschiedlichen Varianten des beliebten Spiels. In der Regel spielt man Skat zu dritt, zu viert oder mit noch mehr Teilnehmern. Dieser wird jedoch nie aufgedeckt. Erst nach dem letzten Stich rechnet man ihm dem Mitspieler, der die meisten Augen hat, hinzu. Jeder Teilnehmer spielt mit neun Spielkarten. Das Blatt des Strohmanns deckt man nach dem Ausspielen der ersten Karte auf.
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Please send e-mail to Mike Tobias at if you are interested in hearing about future events. Skat is the national card game of Germany, and one of the best card games for 3 players. It was invented around in the town of Altenburg, about 40km south of Leipzig, Germany, by the members of the Brommesche Tarok-Gesellschaft. They adapted the existing local game Schafkopf by adding features of the then popular games Tarok and l'Hombre. Altenburg is still considered the home of Skat and has a fountain dedicated to the game.
Note: Skat is not to be confused with the American game Scat - a simple draw and discard game in which players try to collect 31 points in a three card hand. The main description on this page is based on the current version of the official German and International rules which were revised on 1st January In social games many variations will be encountered.
In Skat clubs in Germany, the game is generally played as described here, though often with tournament scoring. Skat is a three-handed trick taking game. It is also quite often played by four people, but there are still only 3 active players in each hand; the dealer sits out.
Each active player is dealt 10 cards and the remaining two form the skat. Each hand begins with an auction. The winner of the bidding becomes the declarer , and plays alone against the other two players in partnership.
The declarer has the right to use the two skat cards to make a better hand, and to choose the trump suit. Some cards have point values, and the total number of card points in the pack is To win, the declarer has to take at least 61 card points in tricks plus skat; the opponents win if their combined tricks contain at least 60 card points.
Instead of naming a trump suit the declarer can choose to play Grand jacks are the only trumps or Null no trumps and the declarer's object is to lose all the tricks. The value of the game, in game points , depends on the trumps chosen, the location of the top trumps matadors and whether the declarer used the skat. Declarer generally wins the value of the game if successful, and loses the game value doubled if the skat was exchanged if unsuccessful.
In is important to realise that in Skat the card points , which generally determine whether the declarer wins or loses, are quite separate from the game points , which determine how much is won or lost.
Skat was originally played with German suited cards, and these are still in general use in South and East Germany, including Altenburg. Elsewhere, Skat is played with French suited cards. In this article French suits are assumed, but in case you are using German suited cards the correspondence is as follows:. The first dealer is chosen at random; thereafter the turn to deal rotates clockwise. The dealer shuffles and the player to dealer's right cuts.
The dealer deals a batch of three cards to each player, then two cards face down in the centre of the table to form the skat, then a batch of four cards to each player, and finally another batch of three cards each. If there are four players at the table, the dealer deals to the other three players only, and takes no further part in the hand.
Each bid is a number which is the value in game points of some possible game see below for calculation of game values. The possible bids are therefore 18, 20, 22, 23, 24, 27, 30, 33, 35, 36, 40, 44, 45, 46, 48, 50, 54, 55, 59, 60, etc. If you bid or accept a bid it means you are prepared to play a contract of at least that value in game points.
The player to the dealer's left is called forehand F , the player to forehand's left is middlehand M , and the player to middlehand's left is rearhand R. If there are three players at the table R is the dealer; if there are four R is to dealer's right.
Throughout the bidding F is senior to M who is senior to R. The principle is that a senior player only has to equal a junior player's bid to win the auction, whereas a junior player has to bid higher than a senior player to win. The first part of the auction takes place between F and M. M speaks first, either passing or bidding a number. There is no advantage in making a higher than necessary bid so M will normally either pass or begin with the lowest bid: If M bids a number, F can either give up the chance to be declarer by saying "pass" or compete by saying "yes", which means that F bids the same number that M just bid.
If F says "yes", M can say "pass", or continue the auction with a higher bid, to which F will again answer "yes" or "pass". This continues until either F or M drops out of the auction by passing - once having passed you get no further opportunity to bid on that hand. The second part of the auction is similar to the first part, but takes place between R and the survivor of the first part i. As the junior player, R either passes or bids a succession of numbers, the first of which must be higher than any number mentioned in the first part of the auction.
To each number bid by R, the survivor must answer "yes" or "pass". The winner of the second part of the auction becomes the declarer, and the bid is the last number the declarer said or accepted. If both M and R pass without having bid, then F can either be declarer at the lowest bid 18 , or can throw in the cards without play. If the cards are thrown in there is no score for the hand, and the next dealer deals. If middlehand forgets to begin, forehand can start proceedings by saying "I'm forehand" or "I'm listening", or "Speak to me!
If you win the bidding you are entitled to pick up the two skat cards, add them to your hand without showing them to the other players, and discard any two cards face down. The cards discarded may include one or both of the cards picked up, and their value counts along with your tricks. Having discarded, you declare your game. If you looked at the skat, your contract is a skat game. There are seven possibilities:. Diamonds , Hearts , Spades , Clubs in which the named suit is trumps and the declarer tries to take at least 61 card points ,.
Grand in which the jacks are the only trumps and the declarer tries to take at least 61 card points ,. Null in which there are no trumps and the declarer tries to lose every trick ,. You may choose not to look at the skat cards, but to play with the 10 cards you were originally dealt.
In this case no one must look at the skat cards until after the play. If you are declarer in a Suit Hand or Grand Hand game, you can increase the value of the game by announcing Schneider undertaking to win at least 90 card points , or Schwarz undertaking to win all the tricks , or Open Ouvert undertaking to win all the tricks with your cards exposed.
Such announcements must be made before the lead to the first trick. These announcements are not allowed if declarer has looked at the skat. Also obviously they do not apply in Null games. Play is clockwise. No matter who is the declarer, forehand always leads to the first trick.
Players must follow suit if they can. A player with no card of the suit led may play any card. Note that in Suit and Grand games the jacks belong to the trump suit, not to the suits marked on them. For example if hearts are trumps, the jack of clubs is the highest heart , and has nothing whatever to do with the club suit. A trick is won by the highest card of the suit led, unless it contains a trump, in which case the highest trump wins it.
The winner of a trick leads to the next. If you are declarer in a Suit or Grand game you win if the cards in your tricks plus the skat contain at least 61 card points. The opponents win if their combined tricks contain at least 60 card points. If the declarer's opponents take 30 points or fewer in tricks, they are Schneider. If they take 31 or more they are said to be out of Scheider. If they take no tricks at all, they are Schwarz. The same applies to the declarer - as declarer, you are Schneider if you win 30 card points or less including the skat, and Schwarz if you lose every trick.
Note that Schwarz depends on tricks not points - if a side wins just one trick and it has no card points in it, that is sufficient to get them out of Schwarz. If you are declarer in Null or Null Ouvert , you win the game if you manage to lose every trick. If you take a trick, you have lost and the play of the hand ceases at that point. If you are declarer in an Open Ouvert contract - i. Play then proceeds normally, and you play from your exposed hand. The opponents are not allowed to discuss tactics.
The value of a Suit or Grand contract is obtained by multiplying together two numbers: the base value and the multiplier. The base value depends on the trump suit as follows:.
Open contracts are extremely rare: you can only play open if you did not look at the skat and you also undertake to win every trick. By implication, an open contract includes announcements of Schneider and Schwarz,so you count: matadors, game, Hand, Schneider, Schneider announced, Schwarz, Schwarz announced, and Open. The jack of clubs and any top trumps in unbroken sequence with it are called matadors.
If as declarer you have such a sequence in your original hand plus the skat, you are with that number of matadors. If there is such a sequence in the opponents' combined hands, declarer is against that number of matadors. Note that for the purposes of matadors, cards in the skat count as part of declarer's hand, even though in a Hand game declarer does not know what is in the skat when choosing the game. The game multiplier is always counted, whether declarer wins or loses.
The calculation of the value of a game sounds something like this: "with 2, game 3, Schneider 4, 4 times spades is 44". The declarer must always be with or against at least one matador the jack of clubs must be somewhere , so the smallest possible multiplier is 2, and the smallest possible game value and the lowest possible bid is These are easy to score.
Each possible Null contract has a fixed value unaffected by multipliers. As with all contracts, an unsuccessful declarer loses twice the value of the game. The Null values are:.
These rather eccentric looking numbers are chosen to fit between the other contract values, each being slightly below a multiple of Before the rule change of 1st Jan , Null Hand cost only 35 when lost and Null Ouvert Hand cost only 59 - see scoring variations.
Willkommen zur Skat Game App
Rules Variants Cards History. Skat the A is long, as in "Ah! In fact, it is not so much a game as a national institution. Though comparable to Bridge in depth and variety, it is essentially a classless game, being played as enthusiastically in homes and pubs as it is played seriously in clubs and tournaments under the aegis of the German Skat Federation. There are thousands of local Skat clubs and annual national tournaments are held. I learnt Skat many years ago while supposedly studying German at university and it has been my favourite card game ever since. Apart from those of my own invention.
Skatabwandlungen für zwei Spieler
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