Some parts of them may have been sung. The four plays that have survived are mostly variations on or translations of Italian works. He uses the unfortunate fate of the young sultan as a springboard for more general reflections on the transience of human glory. Article Media.
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He received an excellent education. After that he studied Roman law and jurisprudence in general, where he held numerous offices for the Great Council of the Republic. Twice, in and , he held the temporary function of knez commissary or governor of Konavle, an area southeast of the city.
From until his death Ivan held various offices in the city government. Had he lived a little longer — he died of an intense fever, product of an inflammation in his ribs Folio 15 Libr. He began his literary career by writing poems and staging melodramas that became popular in Dubrovnik. But Ivan published only his larger works. His earlier work, which he referred to as a "brood of darkness", is now lost. His first publications were in , when he rewrote several of David's Psalms and wrote several religious poems.
In this poem Ivan presented the three basic categories of Christian faith : sin, repentance and redemption through contrasts such as between life and death, purity and sin, and Heaven and Hell. Osman had 20 cantos, but the 14th and the 15th were never found.
Osman is firmly rooted within the rich literary tradition of the Croatian Baroque in Dubrovnik and Dalmatia and is considered as one of its apogees. Osman begins with the Sultan's grasping of the situation caused by the Ottoman defeat at Chocim and descriptions of how the era of pre-Ottoman glory of the Bulgarians, Serbs, Hungarians, Albanians and especially the Poles could be easily restored.
According to the storyline, Sultan Osman dispatched Ali-pasha to the Kingdom of Poland in order to negotiate peace and Kazlar-aga to choose which Polish noblewoman would suit him best for marriage.
After numerous failed attempts to restore order in the empire, the army captures Osman and executes him, bringing the imprisoned Mustafa as the new sultan. Zajc in Rijeka. Different researchers have described him as a Croatian poet. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.
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Rutgers University Press. Ivan Gundulic Ragusan poet. Archived from the original on October 17, Retrieved August 20, Archived from the original on October 22, Jr University of Michigan Press. The Princeton Handbook of World Poetries. Princeton University Press.
Authors of the Medieval and Renaissance Eras: to 4 ed. University of Michigan. Halecki, Oscar Polish Institute of Arts and Sciences of America. Richard C. Frucht Collier's Encyclopedia: With Bibliography and Index. Merriam-Webster's Encyclopedia of Literature.
The Encyclopedia Americana. Cross currents: A Yearbook of Central European culture. Authors of the Medieval and Renaissance Eras: to Britannica Educational Publishing. Historical Abstracts: Modern history abstracts, American Bibliographical Center. Savez Srba iz regiona in Serbian. Retrieved Fondacija Srpski legat in Serbian. Retrieved March 12, Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read View source View history. Contribute Help Community portal Recent changes Upload file.
Who is Who in Dubrovnik: Ivan Gundulic
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It consists of three acts with a total of 28 scenes and 1, verses, written in double rhymed dodecasyllables and octosyllables. The plot of the entire play is set in the pastoral Dubrava in a mythical, pagan time of happiness and well-being, at the time that by its nature reminiscent the golden age of mankind. Although Dubrava is some mythical country from the distant past, it represents the Dubrovnik Republic because it values freedom as the highest human value, the biggest ideal and virtue that man can reach during his transient life. The story begins at dawn, symbolically at the time of the birth of a new day but the expected day, " gentle solemn day" , a day dedicated to freedom and its glory and value, comes only once a year which makes all the characters desperately wanting it. It's a day " in which we here make a shrine to sweet freedom ", in which the ideals and virtues are above everyday life and its routine, ordinariness. The strongest and most famous connection with historical events is the motive of the Dalmatian fishermen who come from the land occupied by the Venetians , to a free and independent Dubrava, allegorical Dubrovnik, the symbol of Croatian circumstances at the time due to many attacks by the Ottomans , Venetians, Hungarians , Austrians , French and others. Dubrovnik thus becomes an allegorical port of salvation for the Croatian people, but also a role model and an inspiration in the fight against the greedy enemies.