It is the most important and authentic collection among the Four Books. It was compiled by thiqat al-Islam al-Kulayni d. Al-Kafi consists of three parts: Usul principles , Furu' branches , and Rawda miscellaneous issues ; Usul is the most important part. Al-Kulayni tries to collect hadiths in such a way that they agree with the consensus and there is no incompatibility between them and the Qur'an.
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Most Shia scholars do not make any assumptions about the authenticity of a hadith book. Most believe that there are no "sahih" hadith books that are completely reliable. Hadith books are compiled by fallible people, and thus realistically, they inevitably have a mixture of strong and weak hadiths.
Kulayni himself stated in his preface that he only collected hadiths he thought were important and sufficient for Muslims to know, and he left the verification of these hadiths up to later scholars. And whatever contradicts it, reject it" [ citation needed ]. God—to whom belongs all praise—has facilitated the compilation of what you requested. I hope it is as you desired. The general idea behind this metaphor is that Khomeini objected to the laziness of many ignorant people of his day who simply kept al-Kafi on their shelf, and ignored or violated it in their daily lives, assuming that they would somehow be saved from Hell just by possessing the book.
Khomeini argued that Islamic law should be an integral part of everyday life for the believer, not just a stale manuscript to be placed on a shelf and forgotten. The scholars have made these remarks, to remind the people that one cannot simply pick the book up, and take whatever they like from it as truthful. Rather, an exhaustive process of authentication must be applied, which leaves the understanding of the book in the hands of the learned.
From the Shia point of view, any book other than the Qur'an, as well as individual hadiths or hadith narrators can be objectively questioned and scrutinized as to their reliability, and none - not even the Sahaba - are exempt from this.
The main criticism of al-Kafi as the basis for Shia fiqh, comes from prominent Sunni writers who argue that finding some hadiths in al-Kafi proves that the entire Shi'ite school is wrong. Shi'ites in reality do not rest the basis of their entire faith on the complete authenticity of this book 'Al Kafi' means "the sufficient".
They believe that anything that goes against previously held ideas must not be authentic. They also do not automatically accept some hadiths from al-Kafi that have strong historical proofs. The Qur'an is far more important to Islamic belief than any hadith book, and Shia scholars have long pointed this out. Kulayni himself stated in his preface that he only collected hadiths he thought were important and sufficient for Muslims to know at a time when many Muslims were illiterate and ignorant of the true beliefs of Islam, and heretical Sufi and gnostic sects were gaining popularity , and he left the verification of these hadiths up to later scholars.
Kulayni also states, in reference to hadiths: "whatever hadith agrees with the Book of God the Qur'an , accept it. And whatever contradicts it, reject it". The author of al-Kafi never intended for it to be politicized as "infallible", he only compiled it to give sincere advice based on authentic Islamic law regardless of the soundess of any one particular hadith , and to preserve rare hadiths and religious knowledge in an easily accessible collection for future generations to study.
Al-Kafi is the most comprehensive collection of traditions from the formative period of Islamic scholarship. It has been held in the highest esteem by generation after generation of Muslim scholars. Shaykh al-Mufid d. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Hadith studies. Terminology Types categories Biographical evaluation Musannaf Isra'iliyyat. Sunni 1.
Man La Yahduruhu Al-Faqih. Jami Sahih Tartib al-Musnad. Related topics. Ahl al-Hadith Criticism. Medieval Islamic Civilization: An Encyclopedia. USA: Routledge. Taqwa Media. Archived from the original on Retrieved CS1 maint: archived copy as title link. Categories : Shia hadith collections Ja'fari jurisprudence. Hidden categories: CS1 maint: archived copy as title Articles with short description Articles containing Arabic-language text All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from February Commons category link from Wikidata.
Cover of Al-Kafi. Muhammad ibn Ya'qub al-Kulayni. Part of a series on. Al-Sunan Al-Sughra. Sunan Abu Dawood. Sunan al-Tirmidhi. Sunan ibn Maja. Muwatta Imam Malik. Musnad Ahmad ibn Hanbal. Sunan al-Kubra lil Nasa'i. Sunan al-Daraqutni. Musannaf of Abd al-Razzaq. Musannaf ibn Jurayj. Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaybah. Saheeh ibn Kuzaima. Sahih Ibn Hibban. Al-Mustadrak alaa al-Sahihain. Sahifah Hammam ibn Munabbih.
Al-Mu'jam al-Kabeer. Al-Mu'jam al-Awsat. Al-Mu'jam as-Saghir. Talkhis al-Mustadrak. Tahdhib al-Athar. Al-Adab al-Mufrad. Musnad al-Shafi'i. Musnad al-Firdous. Shama'il Muhammadiyah Shamaail Tirmidhi. Musnad Abu Ya'la. Musnad al Tayalisi. Musnad Abu Awaanah. Sunan Sa'id ibn Mansur. Tahdhib Al-Ahkam. Book of Sulaym Ibn Qays. Al-Sahifa Al-Sajjadiyya. Al-Risalah al-Dhahabiah. Uyun al Akhbar ar Reda. Ibadi Jami Sahih Tartib al-Musnad. Related topics Ahl al-Hadith Criticism.
Category Book. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kitab al-Kafi.
Al Kafi الكافي – Volume 1
Title : Faru E Kafi Volume 3