Narrators and Narrative Situation. While other categories of analysis, such as characterisation, plot or space are useful both for the analysis of narrative and drama, the category of narrator is unique to the more diegetic genres narrative prose and narrative poetry. Two aspects are considered: narrative voice who speaks? These two aspects together are also called narrative situation. Some critics also talk about narrative perspective or point of view in this context, though these terms do not always distinguish clearly between narrative voice and focalisation. Narrative Voices.
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Franz Karl Stanzel born 4 August is an Austrian literary theorist , specialised in English literature. In he was offered a position as professor Ordinariat in Erlangen. In he succeeded Koziol in Graz.
Since the s Stanzel worked on an analytical topology for the description of the narrative mode , also often called "narrative situation" or "point of view" of narrative texts.
Despite lots of criticism, his typological circle of three narrative situations is still taught in introductions to German literary studies at German universities e. Stanzel's typological circle featuring "three typical narrative situations", which describes various possibilities of structuring the mediacity of narrative, is based on three elements. Thus, Stanzel distinguishes three narrative situations: The "authorial narrative situation" is characterised by the dominance of the external perspective.
In the "First-person narrative situation", the events are related by a "narrating I" who takes part in the action in the fictional world as a character or as the "experiencing I". From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article has multiple issues.
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Franz Stanzel set out to derive a comprehensive typology of all conceivable narrative structures. Stanzel writes:. A reflector character thinks, feels and perceives. An illusion of im-mediacy is created.
Franz Karl Stanzel