Branchial cleft anomalies comprise of a spectrum of congenital defects that occur in the head and neck. The anomalies result from branchial apparatus six arches; five clefts , which are the embryologic precursors of the ear and the muscles, blood vessels, bones, cartilage, and mucosal lining of the face, neck, and pharynx 1. When it fuses to the skin caudal to these arches, the cervical sinus is formed. Eventually, the edges of cervical sinus fuse and the ectoderm within the tube disappears 9.
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Started in , this collection now contains interlinked topic pages divided into a tree of 31 specialty books and chapters. Content is updated monthly with systematic literature reviews and conferences.
Although access to this website is not restricted, the information found here is intended for use by medical providers. Patients should address specific medical concerns with their physicians. Toggle navigation. Hematology and Oncology Chapter. From Related Chapters. Page Contents Page Contents Pathophysiology Congenital remnant of Branchial Cleft Branchial Clefts embyogenesis Composed of 5 paired arches in lateral foregut wall Arches are separated by clefts Clefts usually obliterated with development.
Signs Lateral Neck Mass in distribution as above Most common at anterior border of sternocleidomastoid Sinus communicates fully between skin and airway May present with infection. Complications Secondary infection with neck abscess Branchial Cleft Cyst wall carcinoma rare. Radiology CT Neck Fistulogram.
Management Surgical Excision of cyst and sinus tract. References Noble Primary Care, Mosby, p. Images: Related links to external sites from Bing. Related Studies. Trip Database TrendMD. Ontology: Branchioma C Definition MSH A tumor derived from branchial epithelium or branchial rests.
Ontology: Sinus of branchial cleft disorder C Ontology: Branchial Clefts C Related Topics in Hematology and Oncology. Otolaryngology Chapters. Otolaryngology - Hematology and Oncology Pages. Back Links pages that link to this page. Search other sites for 'Branchial Cleft Cyst'.
Page Contents A tumor derived from branchial epithelium or branchial rests. Dorland, 27th ed. Disease or Syndrome T Branchiome , Kyste branchial , Kyste de la fente branchiale , Kystes branchiaux.
Cisti della fessura branchiale , Cisti branchiale , Cisti brachiale bifida , Epitelioma branchiale. Torbiel skrzelopochodna , Torbiel boczna szyi. Brankiom , Lateral halscyste. Sinus of branchial cleft disorder , branchial cleft sinus , branchial vestiges , branchial cleft sinus diagnosis , Branchial cleft sinus disorder , Branchial cleft sinus , Sinus of branchial cleft , branchial; sinus , sinus; branchial , Branchial cleft sinus disorder [Ambiguous] , Branchial sinus.
Sinus de la fente branchiale. Embryonic Structure T Fentes branchiales , Fentes pharyngiennes. Gjellespalter , Svelgspalter. Fessure branchiali , Tasche branchiali.