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La dificultad para respirar de cualquier tipo o cualquier tipo de "falta de aire" es una emergencia potencialmente letal. These drugs may pose greater danger if you also: smoke take benzodiazepines, barbiturates, phenobarbital, gabapentinoids, or sleep aids drink alcohol have chronic obstructive pulmonary disease COPD , lung cancer, or other lung conditions People who ingest packs of drugs for illegal transport body packers can also experience bradypnea.
Untreated, this can slow some body processes, including respiration. It can also weaken the muscles needed for breathing and lead to diminished lung capacity. Toxins Certain toxins can affect the body by slowing your breathing.
An example of this is a chemical called sodium azide, which is used in automobile airbags to help them inflate. It is also found in pesticides and explosive devices. When inhaled in significant amounts, this chemical can slow both the central nervous system and the cardiovascular system.
Another example is carbon monoxide, a gas produced from vehicles, oil and gas furnaces, and generators. This gas can be absorbed through the lungs and accumulate in the bloodstream, leading to low oxygen levels. Head injury Injury near the brainstem and high pressure within the brain can lead to bradycardia decreased heart rate , as well as bradypnea.
This could lead to the development of high blood pressure long term. Symptoms that may accompany slowed breathing depend on the cause. For example: Opioids can also cause sleep problems, constipation, decreased alertness, and itching. Other symptoms of hypothyroidism may include lethargy, dry skin, and hair loss. Sodium azide poisoning can lead to a variety symptoms including headache, dizziness, rashes, weakness, nausea, and vomiting.
Exposure to carbon monoxide may cause headache, dizziness, cardiovascular toxicity, breathing failure, and coma. Slowed breathing, as well as other symptoms such as confusion, turning blue, or loss of consciousness, are life-threatening events requiring immediate emergency care.
What are the treatment options? If your breathing rate seems slower than normal, see your physician for a thorough evaluation. This will probably include a physical examination and a check of your other vital signs — pulse, body temperature, and blood pressure. Along with your other symptoms, a physical exam and medical history will help determine if further diagnostic tests are needed. In emergency situations, supplemental oxygen and other life support measures may be needed. Treating any underlying condition may resolve the bradypnea.
Some potential treatments are: opioid addiction: addiction recovery programs, alternate pain management opioid overdose: when taken in time, a drug called Naloxone can block opioid receptor sites, reversing the toxic effects of the overdose hypothyroidism : daily thyroid medications toxins: administration of oxygen, treatment of any poisoning, and monitoring of vital signs head injury: careful monitoring, supportive care, and surgery If your breathing rate falls too low for too long, it can lead to: hypoxemia, or low blood oxygen respiratory acidosis, a condition in which your blood becomes too acidic complete respiratory failure Your outlook will depend on the reason for the bradypnea, the treatment you receive, and how well you respond to that treatment.
Degeneration of heart tissue because of aging Damage to tissues in the heart from heart attack or heart disease High blood pressure or hypertension Congenital heart defect which is disorder present at birth Heart tissue infection also known as myocarditis -Complication of heart surgery Hypothyroidism or underactive thyroid gland  Imbalance of electrolytes which are mineral related substances needed for conducting electrical impulses Obstructive sleep apnea which is the repeated disruption of breathing during sleep.
Inflammatory disease, such as lupus or rheumatic fever Buildup of iron in the organs known as hemochromatosis Medications, such as drugs for other heart rhythm disorders as well as high blood pressure and narcotic pain medications may also reduce respiratory rate Treatment[ edit ] If urgent treatment is needed, supplemental oxygen is given to the individual. Treatments can range from surgery to correct dangerous intracranial pressure, to stays in rehabilitation facilities for addiction problems.
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